Glossary of Terms

Fiber

A unit of matter, either natural or man-made, which forms the basic element of fabrics. The term refers to units which can be spun into a yarn or felting and can be processed by weaving, tufting, knitting or fusion bonding. Important properties include elasticity, fineness, uniformity, durability, soil resistance, luster, and denier.

Fiber News

Latest News

Godfrey Hirst EverLux Xtra
... revolutionizing the world of plush textiles with its groundbreaking XTRA Technology, prominently featured in this year’s trend-setting EverLux line. XTRA Technology blends the finest, most exclusive fibers, setting the stage for limitless design potential and transforming the paradigms of style and durability. Godfrey Hirst, a torchbearer in luxurious soft surface brands, is always up-to-...
The Kashmere Collection
...ng a timeless touch. As part of their commitment to product design, Karastan is tapping into new technologies like Xtra. This technology, seen in the Kashmere line, merges top-tier, exclusive fibers to furnish limitless design prospects for superior fashion and performance. This includes coverage against all pet-induced mishaps at all times through All Pet Protection & Warranty, the co...
Mannington Commercial introduces Crafted Collection
...Both are available in eight colors, ranging from soft, mellow greys and soothing warm neutrals to vibrant emerald, navy, and red accents. Delivered in 12 x 36-inch tiles and crafted from Type 6 nylon fibers, the carpet collection stands up to heavy wear and tear with elegance. Moreover, the patented Infinity 2 Modular backing ensures the carpet's longevity, even under intensive cleaning routines. ...
Peto II Broadloom
...Style: Peto II 5A025Size: 12 ft | 3.66 mType: broadloomInstallation: Direct Glue, Double Glue, Stretch-inBacking: Classicbac®Fiber: Eco Solution Q® NylonTufted Weight: 26 oz/yd² | 881.5 g/m²Warranty(s): 10 Year Commercial Limited WarrantyGSA Approved Product ...
Welcome II Tile
...Style: Welcome II Tile 5T031 Size: 24 in x 24 in | 61 cm x 61 cm Type: entryway carpet tile Backing: Ecoworx® Tile Fiber: Pet Polyester Tufted Weight: 49.0 oz/yd² | 1,671.06 g/m² Area per carton: 48 ft² | 4.46 m² Warranty(s): Lifetime Commercial Limited Warranty ...
Blox Tile
...Style: Blox Tile 59357 Size: 24 in x 24 in | 61 cm x 61 cm Type: carpet tile Backing: Ecoworx® Tile Fiber: Eco Solution Q® Nylon Tufted Weight: 24 oz/yd² | 813.7 g/m² Area per carton: 48 ft² | 4.46 m² Warranty(s): Lifetime Commercial Limited Warranty GSA Approved Product ...
Peto II 20 Tile
...Style: Peto II 20 Tile 59369 Size: 24 in x 24 in | 61 cm x 61 cm Type: carpet tile Backing: Ecoworx® Tile Fiber: Eco Solution Q® Nylon Tufted Weight: 20 oz/yd² | 678.1 g/m² Area per carton: 48 ft² | 4.46 m² Warranty(s): Lifetime Commercial Limited Warranty GSA Approved Product ...
Pet-Friendly Carpet
...tional folded-paper art, this layered geometric pattern makes an effortlessly purrfect impression. Mimicking the shaded recesses and crisp lines that give folded paper forms depth and definition, the fibers in this STAINMASTER® PetProtect® design make use of different cut and loop effects to lend a modern edge to a reflection of a centuries-old practice. This pattern comes in 12 captivating tones...
Rustic Revival
... natural and compelling. Its soft comfort and easy care are irresistible. SmartStrandLuxuriously soft and with built-in stain resistance, SmartStrand® Silk carpets use the most advanced fiber innovation to create worry-free beauty and comfort in any home. It offers All Pet Protection & Warranty, the only pet-friendly carpet protection system that covers all pets, all accidents, a...
Which Carpet is Best for Pets?
...ng>Stain Resistance: Pick a carpet offering R2X Stain and Soil Resistance treatment. It’s Shaw’s patented and proven system that shields your carpet well below the surface—because the entire fiber is protected, from base to tip, against stains. There is simply no better stain and soil protection in the flooring industry. With R2X, you have complete protection from the top of the yarn to t...
SmartStrand
...When it comes to a carpet that truly has it all, look no further than SmartStrand. Where traditional carpets fall short, the innovative fibers in SmartStrand Forever Clean offer unbeatable spill protection, permanent stain resistance and long-lasting durability. Truly a worry-free solution, SmartStrand Forever Clean is the perfect flooring for busy households. Smart Strand Silk<...
ColorBurst® Variable Color Technology
...ColorBurst®. ColorBurst uses natural coloration to create a balanced, blended visual that adds depth and richness to Dream Weaver products. And since we infuse the colors in each strand of PureColor® fiber, the carpets are guaranteed not to stain or fade. At the intersection of art and innovation. ColorBurst technology takes a more elaborate approach to bring more color to the face of carp...
Pet Friently PureColor Fiber
...Our proprietary PureColor solution-dyed fiber is superior to traditional piece-dyed fibers. Imagine the difference between a carrot and radish. The color on traditional carpet fibers sits on top like the red skin of a radish. With PureColor, the color penetrates the fiber like the orange of a carrot Doesn’t fade from prolonged exposure to harsh sunlightWon't wear,...
SmartStrand All Pet protection
...w imagine all of the benefits of SmartStrand Forever Clean combined with the added luxury of supreme softness. In SmartStrand Silk, each strand of carpet is packed with 700 silk-like, stain-resistant fibers. That's 3X more individual fibers than found in traditional nylon carpet. ColorMaxSmartStrand featuring ColorMax technology is the latest innovation in soft surface flooring. Colo...
End Result - BC288
...loomConstruction: TuftedSurface Texture: Textured Heathered LoopGauge: 1/10 (39.37 rows per 10 cm)Tufted Pile Weight: 21.0 oz. per sq. yd. Dye Method: Solution DyedFiber Type: Colorstrand® SD NylonFoot Traffic Recommendation: TARR Heavy ...
Momentum IV
...Style: Momentum IV 60602Size: 12 ft | 3.66 mType: broadloomInstallation: Direct GlueBacking: Unitary®Fiber: Solution Q® NylonTufted Weight: 28 oz/yd² | 949.4 g/m²Warranty(s): 10 Year Commercial Limited WarrantyGSA Approved Product ...
Wool Carpets: The Best Carpets for Allergies
... Indoor air purity – Acts as a passive air filter to trap dust, pollen and other particles. Wool carpets also absorb air pollutants and gases faster and better than other carpet fibers. Non-irritating – Most wool fibers are too long and thick to be inhaled, so a wool carpet won’t irritate the respiratory system or cause allergic reactions.
Bring high-end fashion home
...tyles and textures that mimic luxury fabrics, materials and knitting techniques making it the perfect marriage of fashion and durability. All with the feeling and comfort underfoot of our SureSoftSD™ fiber...
Looking for a modern, chic upgrade in your home? Our new Modern Contours Collection is your answer.
...tyles and textures that mimic luxury fabrics, materials and knitting techniques making it the perfect marriage of fashion and durability. All with the feeling and comfort underfoot of our SureSoftSD™ fiber and the lifetime protection of Microban® antimicrobial technology, the smarter way to keep your carpet cleaner. Modern Contours features Microban®antimicrobial technology, the smarter wa...
The Complete Guide to Printed Carpet
...hat is Printed Carpet? There are several common processes used to add color and patterns to commercial carpet: Yarn dyeing - this is the process of coloring white yarn, with each fiber dyed a single color before being tufted into carpet. Yarn dyeing typically adds a single color to each fiber, but a process known as space dyeing can be used to add several colors down the lengt...
Why Carpet?
... aspect of self expression and design. Your options are truly limitless to create the look that is uniquely you. Helps you Breathe Easier - Multiple scientific studies conclude that carpet fibers trap and immobilize potential allergy-causing particulates from being in the air stream. Soften Slips and Falls - Regardless of age--from the young to the elderly--there are great be...
Axminster Carpet
...Unmatched Quality and DurabilityOne of the primary reasons homeowners opt for Axminster carpets is their exceptional durability. These carpets are woven, not tufted, which means the fibers are more securely attached to the backing. This weaving process ensures that the carpet can withstand heavy foot traffic and prolonged use without losing its aesthetic appeal. This makes Axmins...
Wilton Carpet
...terior design scheme. Durability and QualityOne of the most significant advantages of Wilton carpet is its durability. Made typically from wool or a blend of wool and synthetic fibers, these carpets are designed to withstand heavy foot traffic, making them an ideal choice for both residential and commercial settings. The tight weave and high-quality materials ensure that Wil...
Recycled Carpet
...lity in their living spaces. Understanding Recycled CarpetRecycled carpets are floor coverings crafted from repurposed materials. These materials can range from reclaimed nylon fibers to recycled plastic bottles (PET), offering a sustainable alternative to traditional carpet manufacturing. The process of creating these carpets involves collecting and breaking down used mater...
Needlepunch Carpets
...> Understanding Needlepunch CarpetsNeedlepunch carpets are a type of floor covering manufactured through a unique process known as needle punching. This process involves entangling fibers – typically synthetic ones like polyester, polypropylene, or nylon – using barbed needles. The result is a dense, sturdy fabric that is then converted into carpeting. Distinct from traditional ...
Indoor/Outdoor Carpet
...5>Understanding Indoor/Outdoor CarpetsIndoor/outdoor carpets are designed to withstand the elements while providing the comfort and style of traditional indoor carpets. Made from synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, polyester, and nylon, these carpets are characterized by their durability, moisture resistance, and ease of maintenance. They come in a variety of colors, patterns, and t...
Hand Carved/Artistic Carpets
...nning; they are also incredibly durable. Made from high-quality materials like wool and silk, these carpets are designed to withstand the test of time. The density of the weave and the quality of the fibers ensure that these carpets maintain their shape and color for decades, making them not just a purchase but an investment. Personalization and Unique AppealOne of the most ...
Cushion Back Carpeting
...oundproofing, as it absorbs sound more effectively than traditional carpets, reducing noise levels between floors. Durability: The cushion backing helps protect the carpet fibers from wear and tear, extending the life of the carpet. This makes it a cost-effective choice in the long run. Ease of Installation: Cushion back carpets can be easier...
Saxony (Plush) Carpet
...its, and considerations to help consumers make an informed decision. What is Saxony Carpeting?Saxony carpet is a type of cut pile carpet known for its soft, smooth surface. The fibers are cut to the same length and stand straight up, creating a uniform, velvety texture. This carpet style is characterized by its dense weave, which contributes to its plush feel and classic app...
Carpeting
...re well-suited for high-traffic areas. They resist stains and wear but can be less comfortable underfoot compared to softer varieties. Frieze Carpet:With its twisted fibers, frieze carpets provide a textured appearance that helps in hiding footprints and vacuum marks. They offer a balance of comfort and durability, making them suitable for various settings. ...
Synthetic Turf
...nt of style, functionality, and environmental consciousness. Understanding Synthetic Turf CarpetSynthetic turf, also known as artificial grass, is a surface made from synthetic fibers, designed to mimic the look and feel of natural grass. Over the years, advancements in technology have significantly improved its appearance and texture, making it an increasingly popular choic...
Wool Carpets
...benefits, maintenance tips, and factors to consider before making a purchase. The Benefits of Wool Carpets Natural and Sustainable: Wool is a natural fiber obtained from sheep, making it a renewable resource. Wool carpets are an eco-friendly option for homeowners who are conscious about their environmental footprint. Durability a...
Sculptured/Cut & Loop
...ts, and considerations for purchase. Understanding Sculptured/Cut & Loop CarpetSculptured/cut & loop carpet is a distinctive type of carpet that combines cut and looped fibers to create a textured and patterned surface. This blend of different pile heights not only adds a dimensional look but also contributes to the carpet's overall durability and comfort.
Shag Carpet
...ved materials bringing it back into the limelight. Characteristics of Shag Carpet Deep Pile: Shag carpet is known for its deep pile construction. The fibers can be up to three inches long, creating a plush and soft surface. Varied Materials: Modern shag carpets come in a range of materials, including wool, nylon, polyest...
Automotive Carpeting
... comfort or aesthetics. As cars became more accessible, manufacturers started paying attention to interior detailing, including carpeting. Initially, automotive carpets were made from natural fibers like wool, which provided a touch of luxury but lacked durability and was difficult to maintain. As technology progressed, synthetic materials like nylon, polyester, and polypropylene gained pr...
Spike Resistant Carpet
...over time. Composition and DesignThe key to the effectiveness of golf spike resistant carpet lies in its composition. These carpets are typically made from high-grade synthetic fibers, such as nylon or polypropylene, known for their strength and resilience. The fibers are often tightly woven or tufted to enhance their spike-resistant properties. Additionally, these carpets c...
Commercial (Woven) Carpet
...hat make it a top selection in the commercial sector. Understanding Woven Commercial CarpetWoven commercial carpet is created using traditional weaving methods where the carpet fibers are interlaced on a loom. This technique differs from the more common tufting process and results in a unique set of characteristics that are particularly appealing in commercial settings. ...
Fusion Bonded Carpet
...ilient surface that is ideal for high-traffic areas. The key components of fusion bonded carpets include: Yarn Type: Typically made from nylon or polypropylene, these fibers are chosen for their durability and colorfast properties. Backing Material: The backing, often made from a sturdy material like PVC or a woven fabric, provides struc...
Commercial Cut Pile
..., and considerations vital for professionals in the design and procurement sectors. Understanding Cut Pile CarpetCut pile carpet is characterized by its construction, where the fibers are cut to the same height and allowed to tuft slightly. This process creates a dense, soft surface that is inviting underfoot. The yarn used can be of various types, including nylon, polyester...
Commercial Cut/Uncut
...et in their projects. Understanding Cut/Uncut CarpetCut/uncut carpet, also known as cut and loop carpet, is a hybrid type of carpet that combines both cut and loop pile fibers. This blend allows for a vast array of textures and patterns, making it a versatile choice for commercial spaces. The cut fibers provide a plush, soft feel underfoot, while the looped fibers ad...
Commercial Cut Pile (Pattern)
...ious areas, while smaller, more intricate designs are suited for compact spaces. Material Selection: Nylon and Polypropylene: These synthetic fibers are popular for their resilience, stain resistance, and affordability. Wool: A premium option known for its natural beauty, durability, and ease of maintenance....
Commercial Loop Pile
...ures and styles. Durability and PerformanceOne of the primary reasons for the popularity of loop pile carpeting in commercial settings is its exceptional durability. The looped fibers are resilient to crushing and matting, making them ideal for high-traffic areas. Furthermore, these carpets often boast superior resistance to staining and fading, attributes that are essential...
Commercial Loop Pile (Pattern)
...wear in high-traffic areas, thereby maintaining a cleaner appearance over time. Material Considerations:Commercial loop pile patterned carpets are typically made from synthetic fibers like nylon, polypropylene, or a blend of different materials. Nylon is prized for its resilience and ability to retain color, making it a popular choice for commercial applications. Polypropyle...
Commercial Loop Pile (Texture)
...s valuable to architects, interior designers, and commercial floor covering buyers. Understanding Loop Pile Textured CarpetingLoop pile carpeting is characterized by its looped fibers, which are uniform in height and uncut. This configuration distinguishes it from cut pile carpets, where the yarn tips are cut. The loop pile texture adds a distinctive tactile experience and v...
Commercial Cut/Uncut (Pattern)
...bines cut and loop pile techniques, creating a unique texture and pattern. This dual-method approach allows for a variety of designs, ranging from subtle textures to bold, intricate patterns. The cut fibers provide a plush, velvety surface, while the uncut loops offer resilience and durability. Material Choices: These carpets are typically made from nylon, polypropylene...
Commercial Cut Pile (Texture)
...cies of textured cut pile carpeting and its relevance in commercial settings. Understanding Textured Cut Pile CarpetingTextured cut pile carpeting is a type of carpet where the fibers are cut to the same height, creating a dense, soft surface. Unlike loop pile carpets, the fibers in cut pile carpets are not looped but are cut straight, giving them a more luxurious and plush ...
Velvet (woven)
...n response to growing environmental concerns, manufacturers of woven velvet carpeting are increasingly offering eco-friendly options. These include carpets made from recycled materials or sustainable fibers, as well as those that employ environmentally responsible manufacturing processes. This aspect is particularly attractive to clients and designers with a focus on sustainability. Co...
Children/Juvenile Carpet
...ldren. Key Features Safety First: One of the primary concerns for any parent is safety. Children's carpets are often made with softer, more resilient fibers to cushion falls and reduce the risk of injuries. Some are treated with non-toxic, hypoallergenic materials to ensure they are safe for children with allergies or sensitivities.
Saxony (textured)
...isual depth but also helps in masking footprints and vacuum marks, making it a practical choice for busy households. The Composition and DurabilityTypically made from synthetic fibers like nylon, polyester, or triexta, Saxony textured carpets offer durability and stain resistance, which are crucial for longevity and ease of maintenance. The tightly twisted fibers are less li...
Loop Pile Carpet
...cisions. What is Loop Pile Carpet?Residential Loop Pile Carpet is a type of carpeting where the yarn is looped and left uncut on the surface. Unlike cut pile carpets, where the fibers are cut, loop pile carpets maintain a series of uncut loops. This unique construction gives it distinctive properties in terms of texture, durability, and appearance. Types of Loop ...
Cut Pile Carpet
...Velvet): Known for its smooth, soft, and elegant appearance, plush carpets have a level height and provide a formal look. Saxony: Similar to plush but with longer fibers, Saxony carpets are densely packed and have a distinctively soft feel. They are ideal for areas with less foot traffic due to their tendency to show footprints and vacuum marks.
Residential Carpeting
...pet Types and MaterialsThe first step in selecting a residential carpet is understanding the different types available and the materials they are made from. The most common types of carpet fibers are nylon, polyester, olefin (polypropylene), and wool, each offering unique benefits. Nylon: Renowned for its durability and resilience, nylon is an excellent choice for high-t...