Glossary of Terms


A water emulsion of synthetic rubber, natural rubber, or other polymer. In carpet, latex is used for laminating secondary backings to tufted carpet, backcoating carpet and rugs, and for backcoating woven carpets and rugs. Almost all carpet latex consists of styrene-butadiene synthetic rubber (SBR) compounded with large quantities of powdered filler.

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Wilton Carpet
...fer yarns. This makes the pattern or face pile easy to see from the back of the carpet. Most wilton carpet is two shot; two weft yarns per wire of face yarns. Many wiltonS are coated on the back with latex or a similar resin. There are many different wilton carpets, such as; “face-to-face” and “flat weaves.” However, a continuation of this article will describe this more in detail. Carpet ...
Needlepunch Carpets
...ssed. Needle punch carpet can have different textural effects, such as corduroy, and can be attained by mixing fiber deniers and angling the needle in various ways. A coating of weather-resistant latex or similar material is applied to the back. Needle punch carpet therefore, using this process, can be purchased at a relatively low-cost, and  is used mainly for indoor- outdoor carpet, ar...
Commercial (tufted)
...the primary backing. The yarn is caught by loopers and held in place for loop-pile carpet or cut by blades for cut-pile carpet. Next, a secondary backing, usually polypropylene, is laminated with latex to the carpet. Other alternatives are attached cushion backings that will add resilience, acoustical insulation, and comfort underfoot. Tufted patterns are now very elaborate and dur...
Commercial (woven)
...Woven carpet is created on looms that take face and backing yarns and simultaneously weave them into a complete product. A latex back coating is usually applied for stability and a separate carpet cushion is usually used, although other attached cushions are available for various performance needs. Principal variations of woven carpet include velvet, Wilton, and Axminster.
Velvet (woven)
...rpet, not hidden in the back. Unlike, the Wilton, normally there is only one row of face yarns between the warp backing yarns. The bulk of a carpet such as this comes from the backing yarns and latex coating unlike the hidden yarns in a Wilton. The leading quality factor in this carpet is the pile density. This is achieved by specifying a number of wires per inch (pitch) or a he...