Glossary of Terms

Yarn

A continuous strand of fibers used in tufting, weaving and bonding to form carpet and other fabrics. Carpet yarn is often plied and may be either spun staple or continuous filament.

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Rustic Revival
...Rustic Revival will rejuvenate any décor with a new look. A tonal assortment that incorporates four yarns creates a great visual in any room. The 16-color palette is natural and compelling. Its soft comfort and easy care are irresistible. SmartStrandLuxuriously soft and with built-in stain resistance, SmartStrand® Silk carpets use the most advanced fiber innovation to create worry...
Which Carpet is Best for Pets?
...e entire fiber is protected, from base to tip, against stains. There is simply no better stain and soil protection in the flooring industry. With R2X, you have complete protection from the top of the yarn to the bottom. This total fiber coverage offers unprecedented protection against household spills and everyday soiling. R2X repels stains, giving you more time to respond to an accident, making i...
Cross Weave
...This LCL (Level Cut and Loop) pattern is a very striking and fashionable “fabric” for the floor, with random combos of texture and color, and is designed with So Soft™ solution-dyed PET yarn. Available in 9 harmonious color combinations...
ColorBurst® Variable Color Technology
...At the intersection of art and innovation. ColorBurst technology takes a more elaborate approach to bring more color to the face of carpet. Traditionally, color variation was limited to only three yarn color combinations. However, with the innovation of ColorBurst, we double the number of yarn color combinations that ultimately give carpet a more natural, blended look. Vibrant coloration accent...
The Complete Guide to Printed Carpet
...the creative possibilities that printed carpet offers. What is Printed Carpet? There are several common processes used to add color and patterns to commercial carpet: Yarn dyeing - this is the process of coloring white yarn, with each fiber dyed a single color before being tufted into carpet. Yarn dyeing typically adds a single color to each fiber, but a process kn...
Axminster Carpet
...1835 with the advent of industrial weaving machines. The name survives as a generic term for all machine-made carpets with pile similar to velvet or chenille. Unlike the Wilton weave, almost all pile yarn appears on the surface of this carpeting. This beautifully classic, and traditional carpet is suitable for wall-to-wall applications, on stairs or even custom cut into special area rug treatments...
Wilton Carpet
...In a wilton carpet the pile is in the form of a continuous yarn, which produces a series of loops; these may then be cut for a cut-pile finish. Although the continuous yarn theoretically makes wilton the strongest of carpets, it limits the design potential, as only a maximum of five colors can be used together. wilton can be woven as a textured design with two yarns, usually of slightly differe...
Recycled
...lthough more efficient manufacturing is reducing excess carpet waste, such as selvedges, trimmings, and shearings, the industry has found creative uses for carpet by-products, such as carpet trim and yarn scraps, to avoid the use of local landfills. Individual companies are engaged in recycling efforts, including the following: Fiber and yarn that cannot be reused in manufacturing...
Saxony (plush)
...This cut pile carpet is made from straight, untwisted yarn. The cut ends blend together to form a smooth, level surface. This luxurious carpet is suited for formal settings, because it shows all footprints and vacuum marks...
Berber Carpet
...carpet made by the Berber tribes of North Africa. The term Berber is applied to carpet that has the off-white, heathered look of cloaks used by these tribes of North Africa. These carpets use flecked yarns most often in loop styles. The size of the loops varies from large nubby ones to smaller styles. Patterned styles of this type of carpeting are multi-level-loop as well as cut-and-loop designs. ...
Commercial (tufted)
...Tufted commercial carpet is produced on machines similar to sewing machines. Several hundred needles stitch hundreds of rows of pile yarn tufts through a backing fabric called the primary backing. The yarn is caught by loopers and held in place for loop-pile carpet or cut by blades for cut-pile carpet. Next, a secondary backing, usually polypropylene, is laminated with latex to the carpet....
Sculptured/Cut & Loop
...s. The different levels in this type of carpet can hide dirt and footprints. Cut and loop or sculptured, as the name implies, this carpet style utilizes a combination of cut and loop pile yarns to create patterns or textures. Cut and loops may offer a pile surface that is predominantly cut with loops forming a pattern or predominately loops with limited cut yarns to display a patte...
Commercial (woven)
...Woven carpet is created on looms that take face and backing yarns and simultaneously weave them into a complete product. A latex back coating is usually applied for stability and a separate carpet cushion is usually used, although other attached cushions are available for various performance needs. Principal variations of woven carpet include velvet, Wilton, and Axminster.
Fusion Bonded
...Fusion-bonded carpet is constructed by implanting yarns into a coated backing. The cut pile is produced by slitting two parallel sheets of face-to-face carpet down the middle of the pile. Fusion-bonded carpet is most often die-cut as modules or "tiles" and is usually backed with a polymeric material to provide stability.
Commercial Cut Pile
...Loops are cut, leaving individual yarn tufts. Still one of today's most popular constructions, its durability is achieved with factors including the type of fiber, density of tufts, and the amount of twist in the yarn...
Commercial Cut Pile (pattern)
...During the manufacturing of commercial cut pile pattern carpet the loops are cut, leaving individual yarn tufts. Still one of today's most popular constructions, its durability is achieved with factors including the type of fiber, density of tufts, and the amount of twist in the yarn. Patterned commercial carpet is often tough and durable, offering excellent performance in areas that see a lot of ...
Commercial Loop Pile
...Commercial loop pile carpet consists of yarns that are looped on the carpet surface. The pile height can vary from low, tightly constructed to a more luxurious higher level of pile. Loop carpet has the strength and inherent soil hiding capabilities. Its shadings also resist traffic patterns, while making colors appear rich. This carpet type is ideal for heavy traffic areas...
Commercial Loop Pile (pattern)
...Patterned commercial loop pile carpet consists of yarns that are looped on the carpet surface. The pile height can vary from low, tightly constructed to a more luxurious higher level of pile. Loop carpet has the strength and inherent soil hiding capabilities. Its shadings also resist traffic patterns, while making colors appear rich. Patterned commercial carpet is often tough and durable, offering...
Commercial Cut Pile (texture)
...Commercial textured cut pile carpet have highly twisted yarns that give the carpet a contemporary look and make them a smart choice for any high traffic area. Best of all, they're less likely to show vacuum marks or footprints than other cut pile styles...
Velvet (woven)
... cut-pile as well as loop-pile constructed on a velvet loom are called “VELVET.” A commercial velvet carpet loom is almost the same as the Wilton loom mechanism. Almost all of the face yarn is in the surface of the carpet, not hidden in the back. Unlike, the Wilton, normally there is only one row of face yarns between the warp backing yarns. The bulk of a carpet such as this com...
Saxony (textured)
...This cut pile carpet is suitable for high traffic areas. The highly twisted yarn tufts curl at the surface, hiding footprints...